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10 Oldest Rome Landmarks Every History-Buff Should Check Out

Jul, 25 || No Comments | Tags: , , , ,

The Eternal City has a history to be proud of. According to a legend, the city was founded by two brothers, Romulus and Remus, back in 753 BC. Since, Rome has played a crucial role in the raise of the human civilization. In fact, the world we know today would be very different if it wasn’t for this city. This is just one of many reasons why Rome deserves your visit. Furthermore, if you are a history-lover, there are some sights you can’t miss. To get you inspired, here are 10 oldest buildings in Rome you need to check out.

1.    Pantheon, Built in 118 AD

Built as a Roman temple by Emperor Augustus, The Pantheon is one of the best-preserved examples of ancient architecture. Nowadays, the building is used as a church, which makes Pantheon the oldest structure still in the use today!

2.    Tomb of Eurysaces the Baker

Although the monument is not among the most famous landmarks of the city, its significance is huge. First of all, its architectural value is priceless. Secondly, the tomb is the oldest preserved monument dedicated to a freed slave. Historians are not sure of the exact date when it was built, but they’re certain that the monument was built by Eurysaces the Baker himself.

3.    Pons Fabricius, Built in 62 BC

The arch bridge was made in 62 BC in order to make it easy for Romans to cross the River Tiber. The oldest bridge in the city is still in the use today. You can cross it if you go from the Campus Martius to the Tiber Island and vice versa.

4.    Colosseum, Built in 80 AD

The Colosseum is one of the most iconic buildings in one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. Not only is it among the oldest structures still standing, it’s also the biggest amphitheater ever built! It had the capacity to hold more than 90,000 spectators, which is much more than most modern European stadiums can. In fact, only Barcelona’s stadium, the Camp Nou, has a bigger capacity.

5.    Circus Maximum, Built Probably in the 6th Century BC

The Circus Maximus used to be one of the most important places in the Ancient Rome. It was the center of city’s entertainment for ages, as this was the place where chariot races took place. Unfortunately, it was damaged over the years, which is why the Circus Maximus serves now as a public park.

6.    Ostia Antica, Dating Back to the 4th Century BC

Ostia Antica is an ancient archeological site, with monument and buildings dating back to 4th century BC. Similarly to the famous Pompeii, this town is also very-well preserved. In fact, you can walk the streets of Ostia, using the same path as Ancient Romans. You can even stay inside the archeological park, in one of the buildings now used as boutique hotels. From there, you can have a view of some of the biggest architectural treasures of this town, including the military barracks called Castrum and temples of Roman deities.

7.    Temple of Castor and Pollux, 484 BC

A war broke out shortly after the Roman Republic was established in the 6th century BC. To celebrate an important victory, the Romans decided to build an impressive temple. They dedicated it to Castor and Pollux, the twin sons of Jupiter and Leda. Unfortunately, a fire broke in 14 BC, destroying most parts of the temple.

8.    Temple of Vesta, Built in 7th Century BC

Temple of Vesta is one of the oldest monuments in the Roman Forum, which itself has a major historical importance. The temple was built during the era of the Old Kingdom, but was burned to the ground on many occasions. The temple you see today was reconstructed in the 1930s by the orders of the fascist dictator, Benito Mussolini.

9.    The Shrine of Vulcan, 8th Century BC

This temple was built in the 8th century, when the Ancient Romans still worshiped a number of Greek deities. During that time, they build a temple dedicated to the god of fire, Hephaestus, whom they named Vulcan. The Romans themselves decided to destroy it to make room for the Roman Forum. Still, some parts of the old shrine survived through the centuries.

10.   Murus Romuli, 753 BC

According to the legend, when the grounds for the construction of Rome were laid, the founder, Romulus promised to murder anyone who’d cross over the city walls. As it happened, it was his twin brother, Remus, who did it for a joke, so Romulus had to kill him. The wall in the story was later named Murus Romuli, which translates from the Latin as The Wall of Romulus.

For a long time, the historians thought that the story of Murus Romuli was a myth. However, many of them changed their mind when an ancient wall was excavated in the northern part of the Palatine Hill.

 

 

 

 

 

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